The Americas, or America, also known as the New World, are the combined continental landmasses of North America and South America, in the Western Hemisphere. Along with their associated islands, they cover 8.3% of the Earth’s total surface area (28.4% of its land area). Since the Americas extend 14,000 km (8,700 mi) from north to south, the climate and ecology vary widely, from the arctic tundra of Northern Canada, Greenland, and Alaska, to the tropical rain forests in Central America and South America.
Latin America presents a mixed horizon of opportunity and risk entering 2014. Root and branch reforms developing in Mexico, Argentina and Venezuela both facing profound economic challenges, and Colombia moving towards internal peace, major regional countries face potential step-change during 2014. However, some smaller regional countries will provide significant opportunities during 2014. Regulatory and security issues will remain the key challenges for the region’s operational environment during 2014, but a wealth of natural resources and stable electoral democracies across much of the region means that the opportunities will remain strong throughout the year.
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